What Is an Appraisal?
Purchasing real estate is the most serious investment some may ever make. It doesn't matter if where you raise your family, a second vacation home or one of many rentals, purchasing real property is a detailed financial transaction that requires multiple people working in concert to pull it all off.
You're likely to be familiar with the parties taking part in the transaction. The most recognizable person in the transaction is the real estate agent. Next, the mortgage company provides the financial capital required to fund the transaction. The title company sees to it that all areas of the transaction are completed and that the title is clear to transfer to the buyer from the seller.
So, what party makes sure the real estate is worth the purchase price? In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased opinion of what a buyer could expect to pay — or a seller receive — for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A licensed, certified, professional appraiser from AdvantEdge Valuation Services, LLC will ensure, you as an interested party, are informed.
The inspection is where an appraisal begins
Our first task at AdvantEdge Valuation Services, LLC is to inspect the property to determine its true status. We must see aspects of the property first hand, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, living areas, etc, to ensure they really exist and are in the condition a typical buyer would expect them to be. To ensure the stated size of the property has not been misrepresented and document the layout of the property, the inspection often entails creating a sketch of the floorplan. Most importantly, we look for any obvious amenities - or defects - that would have an impact on the value of the house.
Following the inspection, we use two or three approaches to determining the value of the property: a paired sales analysis, a replacement cost calculation, and an income approach when rental properties are prevalent.
This is where the appraiser uses information on local construction costs, labor rates and other factors to figure out how much it would cost to build a property comparable to the one being appraised. This value often sets the upper limit on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used predictor of value.
Analyzing Comparable Sales
Appraisers get to know the subdivisions in which they work. They thoroughly understand the value of certain features to the homeowners of that area. Then, the appraiser looks up recent transactions in the vicinity and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the real estate at hand. By assigning a dollar value to certain items such as upgraded appliances, extra bathrooms, additional living area, quality of construction, lot size, we adjust the comparable properties so that they more accurately match the features of subject.
An opinion of what the subject could sell for can only be determined once all differences between the comps and the subject have been evaluated. At AdvantEdge Valuation Services, LLC, we are experts in knowing the value of real estate features in Noblesville and Hamilton County neighborhoods. The sales comparison approach to value is typically awarded the most importance when an appraisal is for a home sale.
Valuation Using the Income Approach
A third method of valuing a property is sometimes applied when an area has a measurable number of rental properties. In this case, the amount of income the real estate generates is taken into consideration along with income produced by neighboring properties to derive the current value.
Coming Up With The Final Value
Examining the data from all approaches, the appraiser is then ready to put down an estimated market value for the property at hand. It is important to note that while the appraised value is probably the most reliable indication of what a house is worth, it may not be the price at which the property closes. It's not uncommon for prices to be driven up or down by extenuating circumstances like the motivation or urgency of a seller or 'bidding wars'. Regardless, the appraised value is often used as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than they could get back in the event they had to put the property on the market again. The bottom line is, an appraiser from AdvantEdge Valuation Services, LLC will help you discover the most accurate property value, so you can make the most informed real estate decisions.